Business Sector: Internet home shopping.
Fleet Size: 2200 vans driven by 7000+ Customer Delivery Assistants
- Trucks: Supplied as part of central distribution
- Vans: 2200
- Company Cars: 35
Tesco.com started in 1997. It is the home delivery element of Tesco, specialising in delivering goods ordered on-line to its customers within a two hour time slot.
It began with one van in North London. To date (June 2008) Tesco.com have some 2200 vans and employs 7000+ Drivers (Customer Delivery Assistants) covering approximately 60 million miles and has an annual turn over of £1.3 billion.
Its delivery network covers over 98% of the UK population.
Nature of Operation and Driving Activities
Tesco.com recognised that it had an unacceptably high incident rate with its home delivery vans. These incidents and damaged vehicles had a visual impact on the company’s image. The scale of the company’s problem is summarised below:
Figure 1. Pre-Driver Training Graph Showing Van Growth and Incidents Year 2002 to 2005
In 2005 Tesco.com reviewed its duty of care provided for its drivers (CDAs) and recognised that it had not provided its CDAs with the level of training and duty that it would ideally provide. This started a top to bottom review of its training and working practices.
This initially began with a programme based on selecting a few good existing CDAs from within the company to train their peers. After 6 months experience with this process Tesco.com decided that a different approach was required.
Tesco.com engaged RoSPA (Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents) to carry out a review of the company’s driving policies and procedures. The main finding of the review was that a consistent level of training was required across the country. The initial solution was that Tesco.com trainers delivered theory on safer driving to its CDAs and RoSPA trainers would deliver the practical “on the road” training. However, the results of this process did not match the company’s expectations.
As a result, a partnership was formed with RoSPA to assist and support in being our main supplier of external driver training in the development of practical Occupational Road Risk training over a two year period whilst an in-house training team was developed.
Whilst running in parallel with the work being commissioned with RoSPA, the recruitment of an ORDIT trainer was taken to train existing managers to be Approved Driving Instructors, at its new Croydon Tesco.com only facility.
Its was felt that the area training managers should be fully qualified Driving Instructors and Fleet Trainers enabling them to execute there tasks correctly and for them to gain credibility among the CDAs.
In addition we are now committed to the independent assessment and auditing of the Driving Standards Agency to help maintain our training standards.
This process all started with Mr Cliff Cheeseman developing a small pilot scheme in the South East of England consisting of 4 Tesco.com Managers and 4 RoSPA Trainers. This has now grown to a team of approximately 40 trainers and managers.
Figure 2: The Tesco.com training team (UK)
From the outset, the company recognised that changing attitudes and behaviour among its drivers was the key to it success. However, a key insight for the company during this period was the recognition that the role of its delivery drivers was more complex than “just driving” and also involved the critical interface with the customer and the general public which impacted upon the company’s image.
The company understood that its key objective was to change attitudes and inculcate its desired standard of behaviour. To achieve this it initiated a Review Process based on:
- Selecting the best on the basis of ability
- Assessing driving standards on recruitment
- Checking driving licences
- Performing DVLA Mandate checks
- Implementing a training package to bring drivers to a common standard
- Implement an annual validation process to ensure that driving, behaviour and attitudes improved and changed
- Implementing a process to assess and review regularly the risks.
In addition, the company recognised that it needed to up-skill the Tesco.com Managers, known as Dotcom Managers Store (DMS) and Store Managers, on the CDA training and their future role in managing and supporting the CDAs. The key issues were:
- The need to up-skill DMSs so that they were comfortable and confident in their job role
- The need to ensure that DMSs reinforced CDA Training and prevented the training benefits from being lost once the CDAs began their work.
The impact on Work Related Road Safety of the above process is shown below:
Figure 3: Post-Driver Training Graph Showing Van Growth and Incidents Year 2002 to 2007
Work Related Road Safety Policy and Procedures
Tesco.com proactively sought the advice and help of many organisations so that a balanced and comprehensive and sustainable training and development program could be implemented.
An on-going program of any employee wishing to drive a Tesco.com van has to complete a DVLA mandate form so that we have the capacity to check any CDAs driving licence for legalities; in addition to this driving licences are checked every 6 months.
Work Related Road Safety Guidance for drivers
Tesco.com conducted a thorough review of its CDAs working hours to consolidate the highest standards of duty of care, this linked with on-going communications with organisations such as: –
- Kent Police Crash investigation team
- AVOIDD (for training support in dealing with Alcohol and Drug abuse)
As a direct result of the improvements made within the company Tesco.com was able to win RoSPA the prestigious RoSPA MORR Trophy in the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents Occupational Health and Safety Awards 2007.
Specific examples of procedures
Prior to recruitment all prospective CDAs undergo a standard assessment process and in addition to this a strict driving assessment, this at times can lead to a failure rate well over 75% (depending on location).
Auditing and review
To help reduce the severity and number of Road Incidents involving our CDAs an Accident Review Board (ARB) reviews incidents on a weekly basis. This is designed to actively engage the CDAs and to ensure the process is transparent and fair.
The process involves 3 conference calls covering the UK. Each call has a Chair, two Training Managers and two CDAs. The two CDAs determine if the incident was preventable or not and the Trainers determine the level of training if required to up skill the CDA’s. This in turn is linked to a performance management process.
Tesco.com has also implemented a Police Liaison and Crash Investigation Team, on call 24/7. This is a group of 8 Managers who have been trained to investigate Road Incidents, capture data and information to enable the building of a case file and to liaise with local Police to provide the fast and accurate delivery of information, supporting both local managers and the Police in their enquiries.
Tesco.com is now in a position to record and measure its ability to reduce Occupational Road Risk and its benefit to the company through its van damage reports and the Accident Review Board
Tesco Dotcom has seen a significant reduction in the number of incidents since introducing this training. CDAs who have been trained within the scheme are demonstrating a 12% reduction in incidents over their peers who have not been similarly trained. In one trial in North London, the accident rate involving CDAs trained in the process reduced by 40%.
A significant by-product of the process was that the company’s procedure for ensuring legal compliance was improved. In particular, driver records, van records and pre-deployment checks were significantly enhanced.
Financial and other benefits
The Company has made a 23% saving on its van damage (bent metal costs) alone to date, since the introduction of the driver training team in 2005. This despite the fact that the fleet has grown in this period from 1200 vans to 2200 vans – a significant benefit.
- Improved communication between Management and Drivers
- Improved staff morale
- Reduced accidents and lower costs
- Duty of care responsibilities are met
- Improved business efficiency
The most unexpected result of the training process was that retention among Customer Delivery Assistants improved with a significant impact on reducing recruitment costs. Tesco.com attribute this to a process, which allowed them to select the candidates most suitable for the role of Customer Delivery Agent and which made clear to the candidates the environment in which they would be working and the standards expected of them. The result was:
Our Drivers tell us they feel more valued and are now listened to.
Current and future developments
Tesco.com is an ever-growing part of the Tesco main business and so is committed to reducing its Carbon Foot Print. To this end we are currently evaluating in London the effectiveness of Electric vans, with the acquisition of a small fleet of 15 vans.
We also are piloting Telematic information from black box technology fitted to vans to improve Road Safety and improve fuel efficiency. This involved a consultation process, pre-launch workshops and training and on going development and performance management. This has already provided a 10% fuel saving within the trial stores.